Consumers may still not be aware when they are purchasing gas that contains alcohol.
The result has been widespread concern and anger, due to the sudden occurrence of engine problems/malfunctions/damage from this fuel blend.
The EPA and United States government has not adequately provided necessary information to the public when passing laws that mandate use of ethanol alcohol (renewable reformulated fuels) in public gas supply. Also, many consumers are unaware that the use of alcohol-blend fuels require special precautions, to prevent and limit damage and malfunction to gas-powered motors.
* New Hampshire - NH (see details) - New Jersey - NJ, Ohio - OH.
*NH: We have inquired several times over the years and NH DES states "no specific labeling required but pump labeling encouraged"- In 2011 NH seeks to BAN corn ethanol in gas - See HB 374.
Caution: The following states sometimes require labeling, often dependent on percent of ethanol alcohol added:
Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia.
Sources: State labeling laws in box charts above obtained from ACE STATUS Report (2006-Onward) and U.S. Dept of Energy Data Center, in addition to review of current public information, including state and county laws, fuel and petroleum supplier/distribution reports, etc.
American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) has published a yearly update on state-by-state ethanol laws from 2006 to Present.
During 2006-07 STATUS Report available online for widespread public viewing, then in 2008 ACE only supplied the report by special request.
Fuel-Testers Company did receive a 2008 copy from Lacey Dixon, Director of Member and Industry Relations in 2008 - But, in 2009 our request to ACE for STATUS Report Update was denied. View ACE Staff Contact. As per Lacey Dixon, ACE now ONLY distributes STATUS Report to their 'Voting" and "Associate" paid members ($1,000/$750 annual dues).
State fuel laws and guidelines change very frequently, especially with ethanol distribution - So always check your state's laws directly for updates.
Renewable fuel and E10 details/changes in laws can also be found online at your states' governement website - Look under Department of Energy or Department of Agriculture and/or Division of Weights & Measures. Search for "renewable fuel standards".
Caution - Warning:
The legal limit for ethanol alcohol in E10 fuel is 10%.
Engine manufacturers still only recommend and warranty use of gas with 10% or less ethanol; Not E15, E20 or any other gas blend that contains above 10%.
It is shocking that the EPA recently (10/2010) approved E15 for 2001 and newer autos despite knowing manufacturers will invalidate engine warranties when fuel types above E10 are used.
*E15 is not legal for sale yet (12/2011) but MANY gas stations continue to illegally over-blend ethanol due to profit motives.
Exception: Flex-fuel vehicles are designed to accept up to 85% alcohol in gas (E85).
*Nov. 7th, 2011 the EPA published a public notice stating "Update: As of November 7, 2011, E15 is not registered with EPA and is therefore not legal for distribution or sale as a transportation fuel..." http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/fuels/additive/e15/ We have viewed this page several times since then, but on 12/16/2011 this page at EPA website is no longer visible...We'll keep you posted.
Gas pumps may not reveal ethanol alcohol was added to gasoline.
The percent of ethanol may be incorrectly added by the local fuel distributor or gas retailer. Overblending and "double-blending" is common. Adding 15, 20% or higher amounts of ethanol- (Legal limit=10%).
Few gas stations monitor or check ethanol content (% added) of fuel delivered and contained in the gas pump.
Several states that are now labeling, are attempting to change laws to "no label".
There are still many gas-powered engines that prohibit use of gasoline containing alcohol.
The debate to "label or not label" has been a hot topic in Iowa and several other states.
Example: Iowa Senate President Jack Kibbie introduced a bill in 2008 to remove labeling requirement, saying that he thought more motorists would buy E-10 without the label. Kibbie’s proposal would have allowed gasoline station owners to decide whether or not to keep the E-10 label at the pump. The Iowa Corn Growers Association (ICGA) opposed the label-removal proposal, wanting to keep the E-10 labels on pumps. Details on this news report can be found at NACS online and magazine, The Association for Convenience and Petroleum Retailing.
Several legislators in Nebraska have repeatedly tried to rescind labeling requirement - We'll see what happens in 2012...
In less than 5 years, most consumers have lost their right to buy E0 pure gasoline (without alcohol), due to unwise decisions made by the EPA and our government leaders, and of course the greed of ethanol lobbyists/producers...IMO.
- - Always best to assume gas contains ethanol (regardless of labeling law or advertisements) - TEST GAS if you MUST know if alcohol present- Quik-Check Solution will instantly verify gas is E0 ethanol-free - -
(Reference MS Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce Regulations Subpart 4, Chapter 8, Section 106).
- Montana - MT (1.5 % or higher)
- Nebraska - NE (1 % or higher) 2011 bill LB698 failed to remove label-May change in 2012...
- New Mexico - NM (1 % or higher)
States lettered N-W
- New York - NY (1 % or higher)
- North Carolina - NC (House Bill 187 passed in 2011 now requires labeling but "not enforced".)
- North Dakota - ND (1 % or higher)
- Oklahoma - OK (1 % or higher)
(Reference Oklahoma Statutes 52-347)
- Oregon - OR (1.5 % or higher)
-- Pennsylvania - PA Always Labels
- Rhode Island - RI (1 % or higher)
- South Carolina - SC (1.5 % or higher)
- South Dakota - SD (2 % or higher)
- Tennessee - TN (1.5 % or higher)
- Texas - TX (1 % or higher)
(Reference TX Statutes, Agriculture Code 17.051).
- Utah - UT (1 % or higher)
- Vermont - VT (1.5 % or higher)
- Virginia - VA (1 % or higher)
- Washington - WA (Up to 10%)
- West Virginia - WV (1.5 % or higher)
-- Wisconsin - WI Always Labels
- Wyoming - WV Labels "gasahol"
- Source(s) of ethanol labeling information listed below -
CAUTION: Many gas stations do not comply with E10 pump labeling requirements. NEVER ASSUME UN-LABELED PUMPS ARE ETHANOL-FREE. Test gas to verify - EG. 1 drop Quik-Check Solution will instantly confirm gas does not contain alcohol
States that DO NOT REQUIRE LABELING ON PUMP for ethanol content: